Current Date: 2 Oct, 2023

Cryptocurrency Terms For Beginners

Every area of life has terms associated with it, just as medicine has words like medicine, hypertension, biopsy, biomass, and the like. Likewise, the business has terms like profit, loss, assets, liabilities, etc. 

For this reason, you shouldn't relate the phrase "flour and egg" to a law profession. However, this is why you must know various crypto terms as a beginning in the crypto adventure.

Cryptocurrency Terms For Beginners

Cryptocurrency might be perplexing to beginners. However, every crypto pro learned these terms before becoming an expert in the crypto field. So consider these small bits before you begin your crypto journey as they make up the crypto vocabulary.


Blockchains are distributed ledgers maintained digitally and contained records of each entry (transaction) that pertains to them. 

The most well-known use of blockchain technology is for preserving a secure and decentralized record of transactions in cryptocurrency systems like Bitcoin. The innovation of a blockchain is that it fosters confidence without the necessity for a reliable third party by ensuring the fidelity and security of a data record.


The term "cryptocurrency" refers to digital money; the most established cryptocurrency is Bitcoin. Thousands of them, however, each with a unique value and supply cap, exist.

Crypto scarcity and other essential aspects like market acceptance contribute to their price increase.

They are frequently promoted as alternatives to fiat money. However, given their limited practical utility, they are, at best, investment prospects. Only public rumor serves as the basis for their value, which is not based on anything real.

Market capitalization

A given asset's market value is represented by its price multiplied by the amount of circulating supply. This is what is known as the Market capitalization. It is frequently used to gauge the accomplishment of a project.


Crypto tokens are virtual currencies that have value and can be purchased and sold by users and investors on blockchains and cryptocurrency exchanges. They can, however, represent physical, real-world, or even common assets that provide a specific utility or service because they are made to serve various functions.


Stablecoins are non-volatile cryptocurrencies primarily based on physical assets in the real world, such as fiat money, precious metals, etc. Other cryptocurrencies (like Dai) or computer algorithms (like LUNA) are backed to ensure a reasonable price curve over time.

For stablecoins attached to cryptocurrencies, a significant cryptocurrency reserve is retained as collateral to only release a small number of stablecoins to decrease volatility.

Smart contracts regulate the supply of algorithmic stablecoins (also known as non-collateral stablecoins) in a way that preserves the stability of the underlying asset.

Seed Phrase

A computer-generated string of 12 or 24 syllables in a particular order, known as a seed phrase, is used to restore a cryptocurrency wallet. It is also referred to as a recovery phrase, mnemonic phrase, or backup phrase.

Below is an example of a 12-word seed phrase:


While anyone can make these sentences, manually making them is not advised. The only words with the required complexity and unpredictability to be utilized as a security measure are those produced by machines.

It's meant to be a secret since as anyone who knows your seed phrase effectively controls your wallet and the money within.

Mining (and Staking)

The method through which Bitcoin transactions are added to the blockchain ledger and digitally confirmed on the Bitcoin network is known as mining. Blocks of transactions that are updated on the decentralized blockchain ledger are verified by solving challenging cryptographic hash puzzles.

The miners and stakers are responsible for validating transactions on their blockchains. However, there are differences between mining and staking.

This crypto journey necessitates a significant investment, including an exemplary hardware and software setup. Furthermore, professional understanding is required to begin with cryptocurrency mining or staking.

However, they gain substantial benefits, generally in the same crypto-asset that they mine or bet.


Public and private keys

A private key is used to determine who owns a particular bitcoin wallet. It functions similarly to a password in that anyone having a private key can access funds from the connected wallet address.

Your wallet address is made up of a long string of characters called your public key that was created using your private key.


The mining returns are periodically reduced by half. For instance, the rewards for mining Bitcoin are half every 210,000 blocks. The payment for mining a single block in 2009 was 50 BTC. It currently stands at 6.25 BTC following three halves. 

It is anticipated to occur in 2024, when this value will drop to 3.125 BTC. The sole objective of halving is to cause artificial deflation and raise the value of a coin.


An alternative Coin is referred to as an "altcoin." All coins other than the outstanding Bitcoin are referred to as altcoins. The first cryptocurrency is the most significant coin ever created.

This is still true as of the time of writing. Bitcoin's market cap exceeds that of the other top nine coins put together. However, some go so far as to nickname all other altcoins "Shitcoins," which is a disparaging term.

Bull market

A bull market is characterized as a situation in which market values typically head upward over a specific time frame, and the general public's perspective is favorable.


This is the non-fungible token (NFT) standard on the Ethereum network. It enables the production of unique, untraceable tokens. It can be used to tokenize uncommon real-world goods or create digital collectibles and game items.


ERC-20 is the most widely used crypto-token standard and is utilized on the Ethereum network. It enables programmers to generate interoperable virtual money with the current infrastructure.


Decentralized autonomous organizations, or DAOs, operate as transparent rules in various intelligent contracts. Allowing the community to vote for or against any proposed modifications or upgrades often enables the community to control the future of the DAO and its products while reducing centralization as far as possible.

Decentralized Applications (DApps)

DApps are similar to regular apps but are decentralized and unconstrained by a single governing body function and store data. They employ blockchain technology.

Although the interface may not have changed, the underlying code is still accessible to users. Additionally, they are governed by smart contracts, and any modification to the application protocols requires user agreement.

One DAapp that is a metaverse for exploring virtual worlds is Decentraland.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

A new, decentralized financial system called DeFi is being developed to replace the existing one.

Users will have complete control over their assets without intermediaries, allowing them to be used at whim without incurring expensive transaction fees and speeding up processing.

Additionally, the requirement for bank or government approval is eliminated by this. With the DeFi services with just an internet connection, every transaction will be permanent, thanks to blockchain technology.

DeFi also functions without any form of personal identity. Bitcoin is the most straightforward and most traditional use of DeFi. It allows you to manage your money, giving you complete independence from any middleman.

Digital Fiat (aka CBDC)

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC), often known as Digital Fiat, are digital representations of fiat currency. The idea is to create a different type of financial system without the drawbacks that cryptocurrencies currently have. 

On either public or private blockchains, they can be stored. As an alternative, CBDC can use hybrid chains to combine private blockchains' control with public blockchains' security. 

The volatility and ease of usage of cryptocurrencies will continue to be their main points of differentiation from digital fiat. Even though Bitcoin (and other cryptocurrencies) sound futuristic, their use as ordinary money is still a way off.

However, CBDC has yet to be implemented on a national level anywhere. Additionally, it is believed to have a fair share of issues, including cybercrimes.


Cryptocurrency owners use wallets as tools to manage their private keys and as a transactional interface. Today, wallets can be custodial or non-custodial and are available as hardware and software. Here, the essential point is whether or not the user still has complete control over their private key.

Initial Coin Offering (ICO)

An initial Coin Offering (ICO), which is very similar to Initial Public Offering (IPO) but unregulated, is a mechanism to raise money for new cryptocurrencies.

During an ICO, a cryptocurrency company presents its native tokens at a promotional price and describes the purchasing process. Typically, this entails depositing fiat money or another valuable cryptocurrency into the company's wallet and receiving the new token in your cryptocurrency wallet.

Due to the lack of regulation, ICOs are risky investments; an enormous hoax to yet, Bitconnect, costs $3.45 billion.

Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs)

NFTs are unique digital tokens representing ownership of tangible or imagined assets on a blockchain. For instance, one can create an NFT using Barack Obama's inaugural address.

Copies can be made and distributed by others. However, every document will be valued higher than the NFT, signifying ownership of the original public address.

An NFT is also possible for a vintage item that is for sale. Doing this will make it possible to distinguish between them and preserve the asset's transfer history. Real estate can also be turned into non-fungible tokens to keep track of ownership information and avoid fraud.

Having learned some of these practical crypto terms, I'm sure you won't be all confused when blockchain, NFTs, and their likes are mentioned around you. So now, to know how to get started with crypto this 2023, Click here to have some nuggets at your fingertips.

Excellence Chukwuma Chukwunaedu

Excellence Chukwuma Chukwunaedu

I enjoy marketing, technology and business. I help businesses and brands connect with their ideal customer profiles and build products that excite them and solve their problems.