Current Date: 28 Sep, 2023

The Pros And Cons Of Investing In Cryptocurrencies

What Is Cryptocurrency?

Almost all investors have heard of cryptocurrencies or at least have some knowledge of this term. The term "crypto" refers to cryptographic methods and several encryption algorithms, such as hashing operations, elliptical curve encryption, and public-private key pairs, that assist in safeguarding these records.

Since it is still somewhat new, cryptocurrency, usually called "crypto," is more frequently kept as a speculative investment asset. Cryptocurrency is a digital currency that may be used as a store of value and a medium of trade. Cryptocurrencies use blockchain technology to store transactions in a ledger system. 

Cryptocurrencies are controlled by a network of contributors known as nodes. The network nodes carry out various tasks, from storing transactional data to validating it. They oversee database management and new transaction entry validation. 

The finest feature is that there isn't a single point of failure, so the blockchain ledger won't be affected even if one node fails.

Another crucial feature of this technology is that it can be used for online transactions. It is virtually impossible to counterfeit because anyone can see it, and cannot be altered or controlled by any party.

What Is A Blockchain?

A blockchain can be described as a digital ledger that records transactions and creates data blocks using electricity, a network of computers, and cryptography. It is difficult or impossible to alter or manipulate the data using this recording mode. It is an electronic chain of blocks containing a collection of transactions and other data.

Once a block is included in the chain, it becomes immutable, meaning the data cannot be changed or deleted. 

Types Of Cryptocurrencies

Thousands of cryptocurrencies are publicly traded, and new ones are constantly entering the market. However, there are a few popularly traded cryptocurrencies.

Some of them include:

  • Bitcoin (USD-BTC)
  • Bitcoin (ETH-USD)
  • USD-Litecoin (LTC)
  • BCH-USD, or Bitcoin Cash

Is Cryptocurrency Legal?

Cryptocurrency is legal in the United States and the majority of industrialized nations, including the United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan. Its use is either prohibited or constrained in other nations. For instance, China has severely restricted Bitcoin use but has left holding Bitcoins legal.

What Factors Affect A Cryptocurrency's Value?

According to experts, the combined value of all cryptocurrencies will reach $1.25 trillion by the spring of 2023. Like conventional currencies, the supply and demand of cryptocurrencies in the market determine their value. Cryptocurrency is not backed by a government or issued by a central bank like conventional currencies are.

As a result, factors like monetary policy, inflation, and economic expansion have no bearing on the value of cryptocurrencies.

Several factors that could affect a particular cryptocurrency's value include:

  • The market's supply and demand for currency
  • Costs associated with mining or the staking process
  • The competition between cryptocurrencies' supply and demand
  • The exchanges it trades on Any rules or limitations imposed by the government

Financial media outlets have been full of stories about the explosive growth and acceptance of cryptocurrencies. The development potential and advantages do, however, come with some considerable risks and drawbacks, just like with other kinds of financial assets.

Also Read: The Pros And Cons Of Taking Out A Personal Loan

Pros of Investing In Cryptocurrency

The use of cryptocurrency has grown among investors everywhere. With the help of technology and industrialization, digital currencies, like Bitcoin, are gaining an advantageous position over others.

Here are some benefits of investing in cryptocurrencies:

Inflation Proof

Many currencies lose value as a result of inflation. Many people believe that cryptocurrencies can protect against inflation. The total amount of Bitcoin coins that will ever be produced has a fixed cap. 

For instance, the price of Bitcoin will rise if the money supply grows faster than the supply of Bitcoin does. Several different cryptocurrencies use the same approach to control supply and prevent inflation. According to the ASCII computer file, only 21 million Bitcoins have been released in total.

Transactional Swiftness

There are a few ways to rapidly transfer assets or money from one account to another, for example, if you want to send money to your loved ones in the United States. Transactions involving cryptocurrencies can be completed in minutes, which appeals to many. Most transactions within U.S. financial institutions are finalized in three to five days, whereas wire transfers take at least 24 hours.


Cryptocurrency investments have the potential to be profitable. Over the past ten years, the market has greatly expanded. The price activity of the cryptocurrency markets has a limited history, and so far, they don't seem to be connected to other markets like equities or bonds. 

The ability to diversify a portfolio in this way makes cryptocurrency a great option.


Since there is no outside interference, your account is somewhat private. Since transactions on the blockchain are anonymous and don't reveal any personal information about you, investors have access to your wallet address and identifier. Even some coins have a privacy focus to improve the privacy features of cryptocurrencies.

Smooth Exchanges Of Currencies

Using currencies like the U.S. dollar, Indian rupee, or European euro, investors can buy cryptocurrencies. Investors can trade cryptocurrencies and convert currencies with the least transaction fees by using a variety of cryptocurrency exchanges and wallets.


Due to blockchains' decentralized nature, users may monitor the money transfer transactions using the platform's blockchain explorer to follow real-time transfers. Investors and others are relieved by this open and transparent system. Investors find relief that this system is free of corruption and open and transparent. 

Users who value privacy certainly appreciate that cryptocurrency transactions are fully anonymous.

Also Read: How To Create A Diversified Portfolio


Despite anonymous transactions, the data is stored on an open ledger using blockchain technology. This indicates that data is always open to the public and transparent.


Since cryptocurrencies aren't backed by the federal government or issued by central banks, there isn't any interference from monetary policy or the government. Cryptocurrencies are a representation of a fresh, decentralized payment system. They also aid in dismantling currency monopolies and liberating money from government control. 

Crypto enthusiasts believe that the fact that no governmental bodies can determine the value of a currency or a flow makes cryptocurrencies secure and safe.  

Possibility Of A Rapid Gain

The well-known cryptocurrency Bitcoin has seen numerous brief periods of big rises, including the first four months of 2021, when its price more than doubled before falling once more. Some of the top daily cryptocurrency gains have exceeded 200%

Cons Of Investing In Cryptocurrencies

Although investing in cryptocurrencies may seem lucrative and alluring, there are a few drawbacks that investors should be aware of. 

They include:

Price Volatility

While quick returns are a major draw for many prospective investors, sharp and sudden drops in value are also possible. For instance, from April to June 2021, Bitcoin's price fell by 50% in just two months.

Price turbulence While quick profits are a huge draw for many prospective investors in cryptocurrency, there is also a possibility for quick losses.

The High Cost Of Production

The mining process for many cryptocurrencies uses a significant amount of electricity and other resources. For instance, according to Harvard Business Review, most of the expenditures related to Bitcoin are related to the energy needed to mine it.

Legislative Limitations

Although cryptocurrencies are often legal in many developed nations, there is no explicit central government regulation.  Until federal governments adopt and regulate cryptocurrencies in the same manner they do fiat currencies, like the U.S. dollar, the danger of investing in cryptocurrencies will increase.

Risk Of Attack

A 51% assault, when one miner or group of miners controls more than 50% of the network's mining hash rate, is a persistent threat on blockchains. When in charge, a malicious group can do several things, including reverse the transaction that has already been completed; pause the transaction that is currently being worked on; spend coins twice; and stop fresh transactions from being validated. 

However, only recently hard-forked networks and new blockchains are at risk from this attack. 

The Absence Of Important Transactional Policies

One of the biggest problems with cryptocurrencies it is possible to regard the no refund or cancellation policy as the default position for transactions done in error.

Each cryptocurrency stock market or app has its policies. Still, it can be said that the no refund or cancellation policy is the default position for transactions conducted in error across crypto wallets.

Probability Of Coin Loss

A private key is necessary to access many cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, to access the currency tokens that are kept in a virtual "wallet." You lose your tokens if you misplace your key or your computer hardware breaks down; there is no way to get them back.

Even though thousands of cryptocurrencies are in use today, only a few trading platforms let users buy or sell Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. An example is Coinbase (COIN), a well-known exchange where users may buy, sell, transfer, and store digital currency.

Excellence Chukwuma Chukwunaedu

Excellence Chukwuma Chukwunaedu

I enjoy marketing, technology and business. I help businesses and brands connect with their ideal customer profiles and build products that excite them and solve their problems.